Thyroid Disorders and Selenium

The thyroid and the adrenal glands are the glands most susceptible to issues in today’s fast paced environment. The thyroid is necessary in order for the body to synthesize protein, grow, regulate temperature, and consume oxygen within cells. Thyroid disorders whether hyper or hypothyroid cause all types of issues with the body including depression, hard time regulating body temperature, weight gain, fatigue, dry skin, hair loss, adult acne, muscle aches, constipation, low libido, brittle nails, swollen legs, and frequent colds.  There are many possibilities of why the body is having a hard time regulating this gland, but through saliva and blood testing, the correct reasons behind the dysfunctioning thyroid can be found, and the appropriate treatment can be given.

Selenium is a trace mineral in the body that aids not only the thyroid, but also helps to decrease the amount of oxidative stress and free radicals in the body, supports the immune system, can decrease inflammation around joints, and has shown promise in trials of assisting patients with cancer.  Selenium along with Vitamin C, Vitamin E, vitamin B3, and glutathione all work together to create less oxidative stress in the body, which can help decrease and prevent diseases.

Selenium and iodine are the two main minerals that aid in maintaining the proper function of the thyroid.  Both minerals must be used turning thyroid hormone into its most functional form called T3.  Selenium is not only important for the transformation of T3, but it also helps to regulate the amounts released within the body.

Although not listed below, Brazil nuts have the highest amount of concentrated selenium.  Eating 2 Brazil nuts per day gives your body the selenium it needs.

 

World’s Healthiest Foods ranked as   quality sources of
selenium

Food

Serving
Size

Cals

Amount
(mcg)

DV
(%)

Nutrient
Density

World’s
Healthiest
Foods Rating

Mushrooms   – Crimini

1 cup

19.1

22.62

32.3

30.4

excellent

Cod

4 oz-wt

119.1

53.07

75.8

11.5

excellent

Mustard   Seeds

2 tsp

20.3

8.32

11.9

10.5

excellent

Shrimp

4 oz-wt

112.3

44.91

64.2

10.3

excellent

Tuna

4 oz-wt

157.6

53.07

75.8

8.7

excellent

Halibut

4 oz-wt

158.8

53.07

75.8

8.6

excellent

Sardines

3.20 oz-wt

188.7

47.81

68.3

6.5

very good

Scallops

4 oz-wt

127.0

31.64

45.2

6.4

very good

Turkey

4 oz-wt

153.1

36.40

52.0

6.1

very good

Eggs

1 each

77.5

15.40

22.0

5.1

very good

Salmon

4 oz-wt

244.9

42.86

61.2

4.5

very good

Beef

4 oz-wt

218.9

37.42

53.5

4.4

very good

Mushrooms,   Shiitake

87 g

29.6

4.96

7.1

4.3

very good

Chicken

4 oz-wt

187.1

31.30

44.7

4.3

very good

Lamb

4 oz-wt

229.1

34.36

49.1

3.9

very good

Barley

1 cup

270.0

36.40

52.0

3.5

very good

Tofu

4 oz-wt

86.2

10.09

14.4

3.0

good

Asparagus

1 cup raw

26.8

3.08

4.4

3.0

good

Garlic

1 oz-wt

26.8

2.56

3.7

2.5

good

Venison

4 oz-wt

216.6

20.07

28.7

2.4

good

Sunflower   Seeds

0.25 cup

204.4

18.55

26.5

2.3

good

Brown   Rice

1 cup

216.4

19.11

27.3

2.3

good

Oats

1 cup cooked

166.1

12.64

18.1

2.0

good

Blackstrap   Molasses

2 tsp

32.1

2.43

3.5

1.9

good

Broccoli

1 cup raw

30.9

2.27

3.2

1.9

good

Spinach

1 cup cooked

41.4

2.70

3.9

1.7

good

Sesame   Seeds

0.25 cup

206.3

12.38

17.7

1.5

good

Cheese

1 oz-wt

72.0

4.08

5.8

1.5

good

Chart Provided by WHFoods.com

References:

Balch, Phyllis (CNC) & James (MD).  2000. “Prescription for Nutritional Healing, 3rd Ed” p 451-452. Avery Publishing. New York.

Naturalways.com “Thyroid Problems.” 2012. http://naturalways.com/thyroid.htm

Whfoods.com “Selenium.” 2012. http://whfoods.org/genpage.php?tname=nutrient&dbid=95

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