Fibromyalgia affects over 10 millions Americans, almost all of them, 75-90% are women. Symptoms of this disease include: stiff joints, dry eyes, dry skin, brain fog, moodiness, depression, anxiety, and muscular pain all over the body. People with this disease can also have sleep issues, irritable bowel syndrome, headaches, facial pain, and sensitivity to odors or noises.
The reason why this disease develops is uncertain, but there are several identifying factors that may be the culprit. A low vitamin D level often is linked to muscle pain and weakness. When tested, most fibromyalgia patients have low or deficient levels of vitamin D. Several studies have revealed that supplementing with vitamin D decreases pain levels in patients.
A low magnesium level is also linked with fibromyalgia. One study revealed that after testing 45% of the fibromyalgia patients were deficient in magnesium. Low levels of magnesium have shown to cause muscles to spasm and shorten. Spasms and muscles shortening unexpectedly has shown to be a major cause of fibromyalgia pain.
Inflammation is a culprit in almost every disease known to man. Cytokines are chemicals released by immune cells. When too much of these chemicals are released, there is increased inflammation, pain, and fatigue. People with fibromyalgia have raised cytokine levels.
Some scientists believe that mitochondrial dysfunction could be another reason for fibromyalgia. Mitochondria burns fat and glucose (blood sugar) for energy to be used by the cell. People with fibromyalgia have shown to have higher levels of free radicals. With increased free radicals the mitochondria have a difficult time doing their job and the cell does not have enough energy to run efficiently. Since muscles cells have the highest numbers of mitochondria amongst cells, increased muscle pain is a side effect of dysfunctions mitochondria.
Stress is another potential reason for fibromyalgia. People who are stressed, depressed, suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, or trauma often will suffer from fibromyalgia. High levels of stress has been shown to increase cytokine levels in the body and disrupt neurotransmitter function.
For more information on treatment of this fibromyalgia, contact Becca Walters.
Challem, Jack. “When it Hurts All Over.” Health Hotline. Oct 2013.